How do bones age?
Bone mass decreases with age, especially in women after they experience menopause.
Here are a few specific ways the bones change over time:
- Bones lose calcium and other minerals
- The trunk of the body becomes shorter
- Vertebrae lose mineral content
- Bone spurs may form on the vertebrae
- The foot arches become less pronounced, contributing to a slight loss of height.
- The long bones of the arms and legs are more brittle
- The joints become stiffer and less flexible
- The cartilage may begin to rub together and wear away. Minerals may deposit in and around some joints (calcification), especially around the shoulder.
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